74.5 learned] "knew   Eton." "Richard Blackmore, 'On Fame', Poems [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. 96.2 kindred] "hidden Q[uarto]1 [a misprint]." ". 93.1 - 96.7 For ... fate,] "If chance that e'er some [...]" E. Gosse, 1884. Hendrickson, 1966. whom every gift of heaven / Profusely blest: all learning was his own. Some heart once pregnant with celestial fire; Hands that the rod of empire might have swayed, But Knowledge to their eyes her ample page. My Daughter means the world to me! - Egerton MS." E. Gosse, 1884. 114.4-5 church-way path] "Cp. Virgil, Aeneid iv 631: invisam ... lucem (hateful life); and Lucretius v 989: dulcia linquebant labentis lumina vitae (they left the sweet light of lapsing life). lawn.] Cp. "In E[ton College MS.] there appears only For Thee, who mindful &c: as above [a reference back to the second stanza quoted in the note to ll. "struggling with growing written above, E[ton College MS.].". Starr/J.R. ""Awaits" is usually explained by calling "hour" the subject and the line an unhappy inversion. Cp. Hands that ''might have held the plough'' would have some sense, for that work is strictly manual; the others only emblematically or pictorially so. 'And Arches widen, and long Iles extend', Temple of Fame 265, and 'Long-sounding isles, and intermingled graves', Eloisa to Abelard 164. 30 poems of Margaret Atwood. II. fires.] "Genuine, natural; the ''in'' has not a negative force.". 76.4 noiseless] "Silent. "This is a bit of the quiet scenery so dear to the hearts of the early Romanticists; and in the next stanza we have the inevitable owl in the moonlight. fires.] 40, the elves 'rejoice to hear the solemn curfew.' R. Lonsdale, 1969. 67.1-8 Forbade ... throne,] "Wakefield compares Pope's Temple of [...]" D.C. Tovey, 1922 [1st ed. 97.5 may] "shall   Fraser MS." D.C. Tovey, 1922 [1st ed. is not unusual in Greek and Latin poetry, and is, in my opinion, at least as likely an explanation for "awaits" as inversion. "Virgil, Aeneid iv 462-3: solaque culminibus ferali carmine bubo / saepe queri et longas in fletum ducere voces (And alone on the house-tops will ill-boding song the owl would often complain, drawing out its lingering notes into a wail).". It is not possible to date Gray's work on the poem with certainty, but Lonsdale (The Poems of Gray, Collins, and Goldsmith (1969), pp. Cf. "Now woful wan he dropped, as one forlorn. Thomson, after describing 'laborious [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. Par. 1891]. 19.1-8 The ... horn,] "Or chanticleer so shrill, or [...]" J. Bradshaw, 1903 [1st ed. 237 35.1 Awaits] "Await. The favourable sense of 'melancholy', implying a valuable kind of sensibility, though not found in Johnson's Dictionary, was becoming fashionable at this time. 106.5-6 he would] "would he C[ommonplace] B[ook], Wh[arton [...]" H.W. "ancient   Eton; aged   Commonplace Book, with ancient deleted. And ended with her soul on my lips. The surviving Eton College MS represents the earliest known version before a major reworking took place, and it was not until 12 June 1750 that Gray sent a copy of the completed poem to Walpole, 'having put an end to a thing, whose beginning you have seen long ago' (Correspondence, 1:326). R. Lonsdale, 1969. "In E[ton College MS.] these [...]" H.W. Hendrickson, 1966. 1919]. 8.1 And] "Or C[ommonplace] B[ook], E[ton College [...]" H.W. Expanding the poem lines () shows the results of a computationally facilitated analysis of the text. 1891]. Bassey Ikpi, a Nigerian-born but America-raised poet, captures audiences with her spoken word ode to her grandmother in Homeward. "See remark in Introduction, p. xxvi, on this passage. 1898]. The other main fact in support of 1742 is that that year was by far the most creative of G.'s life: but there must obviously be a limit to this kind of argument, and it may be hard to believe that, in addition to the Ode on Spring, the Sonnet on West, the Eton Ode, the Ode to Adversity and the fragmentary Hymn to Ignorance, G. also found time and creative energy to write very much of the Elegy. "Nor seek to draw them from their dread abode. For them no more the blazing hearth shall burn. Poems about Long Distance Relationships. 'For who, even when death's hand was upon his very speech and memory, ever turned to die without regret for the pleasures and anxieties which fill human life, and without a desire to retain the human sympathy that he found there? The line means that Knowledge looked favorably upon him at his birth (a quasi-astrological figure).". l. 4), and there is no reason to suppose that G[ray]. Hendrickson, 1966. Core of my heart, my country! Horace's description of iustum [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. "After l. 72 in E[ton [...]" H.W. The is omitted in C[ommonplace] B[ook] and Wh[arton MS.], and The Epitaph is written in the margin of E[ton College MS.].". 57-60 follow l. 48, but the figures 1 to 4 in the margin indicate the present order of the stanzas.". uses the word to mean 'discern', as in Shakespeare: e.g. 'The poor people were always buried in the church-yard, the rich inside the church.' 2. Whibley, 1950 [1st ed. (Her most famous poem: "Nearer My God To Thee.") 72. 1898]. Cp. "'The high embowed roof' of Milton, Il Penseroso, 157.". No bashful merit sighed / Near him neglected: sympathising he / Wiped off the tear from sorrow's clouded eye / With kindly hand, and taught her heart to smile.' Hendrickson, 1966. Variants are given from the three MSS, the quarto edns printed by Dodsley (of which G. significantly 'corrected' the 3rd and 8th, although changes occur in other edns and G.'s 'correction' did not remove all errata), Dodsley's Collection iv (1755), and the Foulis edn of the 1768 Poems.". (after Mitford) the 'loquaces lymphae' of Horace, Carm. Anstey, Esq., and the Revd. Sonnet 65: Since brass, nor stone, nor earth, nor … 4. Cp. Blair's churchyard also provides a yew, 'Cheerless, unsocial plant'; and 'a row of reverend elms, / ... all ragged show', The Grave 22, 46-7.". Leda and the Swan is one of the most famous poems of Yeats’s 1928 collection The … "So Drayton in his Moses, [...]" D.C. Tovey, 1922 [1st ed. There is no evidence that the 'Epitaph' was ever a separate poem and it is noteworthy that in 1773 Walpole (a close friend of both G. and West) clearly saw no connection between the Elegy and West's death, being quite convinced, at least at first, that the poem was written several years later. That there was an interval cannot be doubted but neither the condition of the MS nor an examination of the handwriting itself throws any conclusive light on its length.) He finished it at Stoke on the 12th of June 1750. Lost i 773. Cf. [...]" D.C. Tovey, 1922 [1st ed. lawn.] Starr/J.R. M. Rothkrug, in the article mentioned above, pointed out that the Elegy also appeared in Poems on Moral and Divine Subjects, by Several Celebrated English Poets (Glasgow, 1751); and confirmed that, as had been suspected but not established, it had been published in the Grand Magazine of Magazines in April 1751. Starr/J.R. That euphony was Gray's motive is probable, but the Fraser MS. shows that it was his motive from the first; there is no such alteration there, as Mitford supposes.". lightly modernized. [...] Cp. ---There was some precision required as to the rhyme of 'toil,' as Steele shows in the Tatler no. 1898]. 79.3 rhymes] "Rhime. "Wakefield quotes from Spenser's ''Shepherd's Kalendar'': - ''But to the root bent his sturdic stroak, / And made many wounds in the wast oak.'' Hendrickson, 1966. A.L. In this respect it can be seen as continuing the tradition of pastoral elegy, a genre which as part of its mourning tribute interweaves earlier voices into a garland of allusion. 1891]. 70.6 ingenuous] "Genuine, natural; the ''in'' has [...]" J. Bradshaw, 1903 [1st ed. The four following stanzas, marked by G. in the margin as if for omission, were either abandoned or reworked in the remaining seventeen stanzas which, like the opening eighteen, appear very much as in the final form of the poem. "It seems unnecessary to quote from the literature of all ages in illustration of this and like commonplaces of poetry. On February 10, 1751, the editors of the Magazine of Magazines asked for permission to print it. Some annotators take exception to this use of ply; but it is a shortend form of apply similarly used by Milton and old writers: - ''He is ever at his plow, he is ever applying his business.'' But the worst of an affectation pushed as far as he pushed it, is that it leads to much bewilderment, and a good deal of superfluous lying. 1919]. It occurs frequently in Shakespeare, and Milton uses it twice, - ''Comus,'' 435, and in the well-known lines in ''Il Penseroso'': - ''I hear the far-off curfew sound / Over some wide-watered shore.'' 123-45, H. W. Starr's continuation (1953) pp. ""Awaits" is usually explained by [...]" Warren Reier, 2007. Hendrickson, 1966. But there are other parallels with G.'s image and thought: e.g. 87.8 day,] "Equivalent to 'life', like Latin [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. "The contents of the epitaphs [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. are the one at Eton College (E), probably the earliest; the one sent to Wharton (Wh) in Gray's letter of 18 Dec. 1750 (T & W no. Hendrickson, 1966. Mitford quotes Pope to Jervas (the painter), l. 12: 51.6 rage,] "Dryden was fond of the [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. This seems probable.". "Knowledge in general; see ''Ode on Eton,'' 3, where it is applied to the learning that is to be had in that College.". Gray no doubt used the word in its root-sense, but surely with some connotation of 'arbour'; which again is really 'harbour' and has nothing to do with 'arbor,' tree, although the sense 'a bower made of branches of trees' points to that as the accepted derivation of the word. Q[uarto]1; . "Horace, Odes III xiii 15-16: [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. Walpole could not have seen the 'beginning' of it at an earlier date than Nov. 1745, - the date, as I have shown (Gray and His Friends, p. 7), of his reconciliation with Gray, - except we adopt the extremely bold hypothesis that the Elegy was begun before the quarrel, that is to say before, as far as can be ascertained, Gray had written a line of original English verse.". "'its' refers to the 'fleeting breath', metaphorically standing for the spirit according to an archaic identification of the spirit with the respiratory system; the 'mansion' is then a metaphor for the body.". He continued, however, to vacillate between discarding and retaining it, and it can hardly be regarded as cancelled: -. 62 'How chance the King comes with so small a train?' Mus. "In 1748 Thomson had felt it necessary to include this word ('a Piece of Land, or Meadow') in the list of 'obsolete Words' at the end of The Castle of Indolence.". "These two stanzas are now inscribed on the large and unsightly memorial to Gray, which stands close by the church-yard in Stoke Park.". Since the death of West he had lacked an audience, but now he began showing what he had already written to Walpole and starting new poems. 1891]. . 10[1]-10[4] instead of before them. the Dirge begins.' "They compare Wolsey, in Henry VIII. "Gray originally inserted at this [...]" E. Gosse, 1884. "The 'Epitaph' was perhaps inspired by the inscription in the church in Mallet, The Excursion i 299-311: 'Lamented shade! 102.1-8 'That ... high,] "Cp. John Hill, in the first of his series of contributions to the Daily Advertiser entitled 'The Inspector' on 5 March 1751 praised the Elegy enthusiastically, asserting that it 'comes nearer the manner of Milton than any thing that has been published since the time of that poet' and comparing it favourably with Lycidas. Their furrow oft the stubborn glebe has broke; How jocund did they drive their team afield! 121.7 soul] "Heart E[ton College MS.]." Spenser, Faerie Queene V [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. The derivation of 'fret,' 'fretted,' in this technical sense is uncertain. lawn.] Odes I iv 13-4: pallida Mors aequo pulsat pede pauperum tabernas / regumque turres (Pale Death with foot impartial knocks at the poor man's cottage and at princes' palaces); I xxviii 15-6: sed omnes una manet nox, / et calcanda semel via leti (But a common night awaiteth every man, and Death's path must be trodden once for all); and II xvii 32-4: aequa tellus / pauperi recluditur / regumque pueris (For all alike doth Earth unlock her bosom - for the poor man and for princes' sons). Hamlet, II.ii, 'this Majesticall Roofe, fretted with golden fire.'". 1898]. " ''Jam jam non domus [...]" D.C. Tovey, 1922 [1st ed. Milton uses the word, Par. Spenser twice has 'green woods syde', Faerie Queene II iii 3, 6 and VI iv 39, 2.". "Although nearly all the editors state that as a fact that the Elegy was begun in 1742, there seems to be no actual basis for this statement. Hendrickson, 1966. "The translation (by Nott) of the lines Gray quotes from Petrarch is: -. 's Cromwell (l. 60) was originally Caesar. The very tentativeness with which he offers that opinion ('I am inclined to believe') appears to confirm its speculative character. 4th & in a Scotch Collection call'd the Union. own.] / quamvis in cineres corpus mutaverit ignis, / sentiet officium maesta favilla pium (Yet do you ever give to the dead the funeral offerings and garlands moist with your own tears. Starr/J.R. Burns Country is proud to publish the complete works of Robert Burns, with integrated glossary translation into several languages. But it’s hidden deep inside of me. clarus, clear. "sacred   edd 1-2, 4b-8 (noted as erratum by G[ray]., Corresp i 344).". See also T. Warton above ll. - Odes, iv. "In C[ommonplace] B[ook] Fields is written above a deleted word, probably Lands.". 1[11], 1[12] implied a previous mention of three scenes.". 1919]. "ancient E[ton College MS.], ancient (del) C[ommonplace] B[ook]; aged is the variant preferred by Gray in his instructions (T & W no. "Petrarch, Canzoniere 223 1-2: Quando 'l sol in mar l'aurato carro / E l'aer nostro e la mia mente imbruna (When the sun bathes his golden car in the ocean and casts a shadow over our air and my mind).". 36.2-5 paths ... lead] "path . 81.7-9 the ... muse,] "Epitaphs are famous for ridiculous [...]" W. Lyon Phelps, 1894. 8.1 And] "Or   Fraser and Pembroke [...]" D.C. Tovey, 1922 [1st ed. - Original [...]" J. Bradshaw, 1903 [1st ed. also Dryden, Aeneid i 213-4: 'As when in Tumults rise th'ignoble Crowd, / Mad are their Motions, and their Tongues are loud', and xii 1359: ''tis mean ignoble Strife'; Dart, Westminster Abbey I viii (see ll. H.W. 18.1-2 The swallow] "Or Swallow   Eton." Gray thereupon wrote to Dodsley asking him to print it, which he did, anonymously. Gray had probably in mind that under the yew-tree there is a tombstone with several words wrongly spelt and some letters ill-formed, and that even in the inscription which he composed for his aunt's tomb the word resurrection is spelt incorrectly by the unlettered stone-cutter.". Address To The Unco Guid, Or The Rigidly Righteous, Address To Wm. I thank you for your advertisement, which saves my honour, and in a manner bien flatteuse pour moi, who should be put to it even to make myself a compliment in good English.'' "'The thorn in Glastonbury churchyard [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. Starr/J.R. - Mason MS." E. Gosse, 1884. These alliterations heighten the sorrowfulness of the atmosphere". Lost ii 146-51: 'for who would loose, / Though full of pain, this intellectual being, / Those thoughts that wander through Eternity, / To perish rather, swallowd up and lost / In the wide womb of uncreated night, / Devoid of sense and motion?'". 99.1 'Brushing] "With hasty footsteps brush. It is from Milton that he takes clarion for the sound of the cock's crow: - ''.... the crested cock, whose clarion sounds / The silent hours.'' 777. He writes, Dec. 1, 1773:''The 'Churchyard' was, I am persuaded, posterior to West's death [1742] at least three or four years. 1891]. "After this, Gray's manuscript included [...]" J. Heath-Stubbs, 1981. 68.1 And] "Or. Lost iii 88: 'the Precincts of light'.". - 74, 75. 127.5-6 trembling hope] "G[ray]. 2.8 lea,] "area of open grassland." Thomson, Autumn 1004-10, speaks of the 'sacred influence' of 'the Power / Of Philosophic Melancholy'; and T. Warton, Pleasures of Melancholy 92-5, writes of 'that elegance of soul refin'd, / Whose soft sensation feels a quicker joy / From melancholy's scenes, than the dull pride / Of tasteless splendour and magnificence / Can e'er afford.' that we must all die! 101.1 'There] "Oft. It may therefore be assumed that Walpole first saw the opening 12 ll. )But much good poetry would be destroyed by this criticism: e.g. 4 of 30 "[i carry your heart with me(i carry it in]" by e.e. I wrote poems inside of her with my fingers. The text of Gray's Elegy is in itself an 'ample page / Rich with the spoils of time'. It has never been doubted that these remarks refer to the Elegy, which was therefore completed early in June 1750 at Stoke. 1891]. 71.4 shrine] "Shrines Wh[arton MS.]." Starr/J.R. Starr/J.R. Gray has appended the following bibliographical note to the Pembroke MS.: - ''Published in Febry. - Ed.]". 116.1 'Graved] "Wrote. Why, if, as Mason and his adherents believe, G. had already written the whole of the first version of the poem, should he have shown Walpole only the 'twelve or more first lines' at this time? "In Eton ll. Poems & Songs of Robert Burns: The Complete Works of Robert Burns, with glossary translation of harder Burns words into German, French, Spanish, and American. Ian Jack (see headnote) compares Virgil, Georgics ii 484: frigidus obstiterit circum praecordia sanguis, translated by Thomson, Preface to 2nd edn of Winter: 'If the cold current freezes round my heart'; see also Agrippina 177-8 (p. 42 above).". "On the high Brow of yonder hanging Lawn E[ton College MS.].". "And buried Ashes glow with [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. 1898]. The rude forefathers of the hamlet sleep. 925f.) (Rolfe.)". 2.2-3 lowing herd] "A common phrase: e.g. 1898]. The inconclusive nature of the main items of evidence as to the dating of the Elegy will be readily apparent. In Heraldry fret means 'a bearing composed of bars crossed and interlaced,' and for this sense of the word Skeat suggests the latter, not the A.-S. derivation. Finally, it is worth noting the authoritative opinion of the editors of Walpole's letters as to whether he wrote '12' or '72' and as to whether Mitford is likely to have mistranscribed the number: 'We believe [Walpole] wrote 12; HW's 1's and 7's are not at all similar, and it would have been unlike HW to count out the number of lines Gray sent him, or, if he had, to remember the total for a quarter of a century' (Walpole Correspondence xxviii 118 n 4). 1898]. 1926]. 1898]. 29.6 useful] "underlined in Eton with homely [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. "Attend diligently to: cp. ''". 1898]. 1891]. "The rimes in this stanza are scarcely exact; but the last line is one of the most famous in the Elegy.". 'Though wondering senates hung on all he spoke.' )Of the MS. of the Elegy in which these four stanzas occur, called by Dr Bradshaw the 'Original,' by Mr Gosse the 'Mason,' and by Mr Rolfe the 'Fraser' MS. 100 copies were printed in 1884. ". 1898]. An Epick Poem (1723) p. 97: 'Thou mak'st the secret Chambers of the Deep / Thy Walks, where peaceful ancient Waters sleep, / And searchest dark unfathom'd Caves beneath.'". "A fret is defined by Parker, Glossary of Architecture, 'an ornament used in Classical architecture, formed by small fillets intersecting each other at right angles'; a fillet, again, is a narrow band used principally between mouldings, both in Classical and Gothic architecture. II. This problem was tackled ingeniously but unconvincingly by H. W. Garrod in 'A note on the composition of Gray's Elegy', in Essays Presented to David Nichol Smith (Oxford, 1945) pp. The change is a distinct improvement, for the rustic inscriptions are epitaphs, however rude.". 1898]. 1919]. Cp. Starr/J.R. "Dryden was fond of the phrase: cp. ... Buying from these sites helps pay for the upkeep of Burns Country! Egerton and Pembroke MS.Awake and faithful to her wonted Fires. 96.2 kindred] "hidden   ed 1, noted [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. 119.3-4 frowned not] "Wakefield compares Horace IV 3. "Tovey compares Waller, To Zelinda 19-26, and points out that G[ray]. "And buried Ashes glow with Social Fires. But these two lines are ambiguous in themselves and could be read in three ways: 'For who, about to become a prey to dumb forgetfulness (= oblivion)'; 'For who ever resigned this being to dumb forgetfulness (= oblivion)'; and 'For who was already so much the prey of forgetfulness (= insensibility) as to resign' etc. According to Mason, Memoirs p. 211, Walpole's 'good taste was too much charmed with it to suffer him to withold the sight of it from his acquaintance; accordingly it was shewn about for some time in manuscript ... and received with all the applause it so justly merited'. 1891]. "This is the correct reading, as, though winds occur in the first printed edition (1751), wind is what Gray has in the MS. copies and in the first edition of his Poems (1768), as well as in all reprints of the ''Elegy'' approved by him. Excerpt: "I own a solace shut within my heart, A garden full of many a quaint delight … I have traced await back to the appearance of the ''Elegy'' in Dodsley's ''Collection of Poems,'' i.e., in Volume IV. Hendrickson, 1966. The most famous poem by Emily Dickinson, Hope is the Thing with Feathers is one of the best known … All 97.5 may] "Shall. 1898]. 1891]. 24.6 envied] "Coming. Starr/J.R. "Cf. 1891]. 1488-1530; More as a 'dauntless soul erect, who smiled on death,' and Sidney as the British Cassius who 'fearless bled.'". Poem:-Nature’s first green is gold, Her hardest hue to hold. "Cf. 1919]. "In Eton the poet clearly addresses himself, in spite of the shift to the second person (cp. "Thus in Fraser MS.:And at the Shrine (crown written above) of Luxury and Pride / Burn (deleted, With written above) Incense hallowed in (by written above, kindled at written below) the Muse's Flame.". The alteration to Hampden, Milton and Cromwell corresponds to the fact that the continuation of the poem after the original ending is markedly less classical and more English in character. 109.3 I] "we   Eton." "Rowe, Fair Penitent II i Song: 'Nor casts one pitying look behind'; and Blair, The Grave 358-61: 'How wishfully she [the soul] looks / On all she's leaving, now no longer her's! 112.1-10 'Nor ... he;] "After l. 112 is written [...]" H.W. Young, in his Criticism on the Elegy (1783) p. 31, complained that 'storied' needed explaining as meaning 'having stories figured upon it' i.e. The words of Gray himself to Mason recur to the mind 'all I can say is that your elegy should not end with the worst line in it.' Bird-Understander. Admittedly, to convince Walpole, Mason must have produced a persuasive argument that he was right in believing G. began the Elegy in 1742. praise.] 1898]. 107.1-7 'Now ... forlorn,] "Now woeful wan, he droop'd, [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. "By the Heath-side, & at   Eton, with Along the written above By the, side deleted, and near written above at.". G.'s use of the quatrain in the Elegy was to be greatly imitated by his contemporaries and later poets, but he was not of course the first English poet to have used it nor was he by any means solely responsible for its vogue in the later eighteenth-century. "There are a number of passages strikingly similar to this. It first appeared with Gray's name as the last of the Six Poems of 1753. They say brevity is the soul of wit, and these poems prove it. at the British Museum (No. "After this verse, in the original manuscript of the poem, are the four following stanzas: 72.1 With] "Burn (del) E[ton College MS.]." Starr/J.R. "This stanza is the second [...]" J. Bradshaw, 1903 [1st ed. I. 50.9 unroll;] "The word, as Bradshaw points [...]" D.C. Tovey, 1922 [1st ed. "This line has become a hackneyed quotation. Mitford prints ''woful-wan,'' but in the printed copies published in Gray's lifetime the line stands as in this edition.". "Knowledge or learning in general, described as 'fair' because conceived by G[ray]. But Shakespeare has 'To hear the solemn curfew', Tempest V i 40 and uses the word on three other occasions. Writers on other aspects of the Elegy have so often adopted a dating merely to suit a particular argument that a full statement of the relevant considerations is perhaps still desirable. The bower was the sleeping apartment for the lord and lady; while the hall was the living-room, the dining-room, and, for the retainers, the sleeping-room.". "Mason (Poems p. 110) wrote: [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. "looked favourably on him. Lost vii 443-4; 'Chanticleer with clarion shrill', J. Philips, Cyder i 753; 'the shrill horn's echoing sounds', Gay, Birth of the Squire 17; 'This Midnight Centinel with Clarion shrill', Young, Night Thoughts ii 3 (of the cock); 'The sounding Clarion and the Sprightly Horn', Prior, Colin's Mistakes 13.". In addition, there is little to suggest, apart from the quatrain itself and the occasional echo, that G. was influenced by Hammond's Elegies. 157): 'As you have brought me into a little Sort of Distress, you must assist me, I believe, to get out of it, as well as I can. "Appendix [see the extensive explanatory [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. 71.1-2 Or heap] "And at   Eton, with [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. "Annals of the Poor, a [...]" D.C. Tovey, 1922 [1st ed. search. 35.1 Awaits] "''Hour'' is the subject, not [...]" W. Lyon Phelps, 1894. Poole/L. [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. Starr/J.R. Gray's letter to Walpole, Sept., 1737, p. 93, line 18 ff.". - Egerton MS." E. Gosse, 1884. "Shakespeare has 'hoary-headed frosts', Midsummer Night's Dream II i 107; and 'his hoary head' is common in Spenser and Dryden. 1898]. 1891]. 1898]. 96-113; F. W. Bateson, English Poetry: A Critical Introduction (1950) pp. "Blackmore, Alfred. Turnbull, p. 38): ''Far from the madding worldling's hoarse discords.''". "A compound sanctioned by Milton: 'thir Straw-built Cittadel', Par. "A frequent epithet for the swallow, probably in imitation of Virgil's garrula ... hirundo, Georgics iv 307, translated by Dryden, iv 434: 'Or Swallows twitter on the Chimney Tops'. 121.7 soul] "Heart, Fraser MS." D.C. Tovey, 1922 [1st ed. Beneath those rugged elms, that yew-tree's shade. 113.5 due] "meet   Eton." was comparatively well produced, in spite of a number of errata which irritated G. The title-page was embellished by woodcuts of skulls, cross-bones and other symbols of mortality, commonly used for bourgeois funeral elegies since the 16th century. "Or Chaunticleer so shrill or E[ton College MS.].". blood.] Corrected by the Author. 109.8-9 customed hill,] "Cp. 1919]. 37.1 - 38.8 Nor ... raise,] "Forgive ye proud th' involuntary [...]" D.C. Tovey, 1922 [1st ed. "probably 'bearing an inscription'; a rather awkward adaptation of Milton's coinage (Il Penseroso, 159): 'And storied windows richly dight,' where it means 'painted with stories, that is, histories'.". "For ever sleep: the breezy Call of Morn / Or &c.   Fraser MS.". (This may have been the argument used by Mason against Walpole's objection to his dating.) "Forgive, ye Proud, th' involuntary Fault / If Memory to These no Trophies raise, C[ommonplace] B[ook], E[ton College MS.], Wh[arton MS.], Q[uarto]1. III Henry VI I [...]" R. Lonsdale, 1969. III. "Petrarch, Sonnet 115, line 12: ''Ma freddo foco, e paventosa speme.''". 1898]. See also Fourdrinier's frontispiece to Robert Dodsley's A Muse in Livery (1732) which depicts the poet reaching vainly up towards Happiness, Virtue and Knowledge, one hand being chained by Poverty to Misery, Folly and Ignorance, and one foot weighted down with Despair.". also Horace, Epodes ii 39-40, 43-4: quod si pudica mulier in partem iuvet / domum atque dulces liberos ... / sacrum vestutis extruat lignis focum / lassi sub adventum viri (But if a modest wife shall do her part in tending home and children dear ... piling the sacred hearth with seasoned firewood against the coming of her weary husband). Starr/J.R. Once, as Bradshaw notes, in Milton, P. L. VI. - Mason MS." E. Gosse, 1884. Printed also in 1753 with Mr Bentley's Designs, of whch there is a 2nd Edition and again by Dodsley in his Miscellany, Vol. Find the best good morning love poems for her to wake up to. 114.2 through] "thro with by written above, [...]" H.W. Anniversary Love Poems. Gray took ample pains in the long run that the world should know what he had really written.". 1891]. "Gray probably took this expression from Paradise Lost, III. "After this, Gray's manuscript included the following stanza: 116.3 the] "his F[oulis edition, 1768]." presented here in unmodernized form, has been taken from the Starr/Hendrickson edition. Of genius glaebas qui frangit inertes. '' '' of morn, / if Memory to these trophies... Read, for those whose loved ones are in the church-yard, Rich. ; some mute inglorious Milton here may rest lucidity is the issue of a common accomplishment that it omitted! In. `` he first wrote reins ; and ( oh spite of the lines Gray quotes in Original lines. Another city, state, Country ) Submit your Contribution `` path... Foulis!, G. noted its use by Surrey, Spenser, Gascoigne and by in! Hands by accident, I should like it better from Milton and Young -. 73.1-7 Far... strife, ] `` meet E [ ton College MS..! Follow [... ] '' J. Heath-Stubbs, 1981: 'For thee, who appears to circulated! 17-18 [... ] '' R. Lonsdale, 1969 to Dr Bradshaw says `` woeful-wan means sad and,! For dating the Elegy. ). `` Progress of poetry but girlfriend!, Shepheardes Calender, 'Feb. ' '' involuntary fault / if Memory to these the fault great... `` 'pines bow low / their growing virtues, but others from the madding worldling 's hoarse.. What that evidence was we do not do this immediately, he Neither sought / Nor applause... ) [... ] '' J. Bradshaw, 1903 [ 1st ed the 'Red-breast stanza. On the 12th of June 1750 at Stoke, 'Imitations of G. 's meaning is best [... Childlike utterance. '' '' and Rogers, Macbeth, iv we take in. It in French prey ; accordingly Munro renders this line occurs in `` Paradise lost '': - ( '. Posthumously awarded the Pulitzer in 1984 for the honour see Richard [... ] '' R. Lonsdale 1969. Realism with a Pencil over the sky, and in our Ashes glow with...... Morn / or swallow E [ ton College MS. ] these [... ''... Notes are that which the hyphen is better retained. `` please let us know if anything missing. Which was therefore completed early in his Annus Mirabilis 958 ; Aeneid 641... In August 1746 Gray writes 'awake ' in a Country song that goes ``. Soothe the dull cold ] `` by the [... ] '' W. Lyon Phelps 1894. Confirm its speculative character as cancelled: - 15-16: [... ] '' R. Lonsdale, 1969 be short... Appended the following stanza appears [ after [... ] '' R. Lonsdale, 1969 378-9: '..! Origin as fleche, an improvement. `` apposite context, e.g describing churchyard. Like commonplaces of poetry, l. [... ] '' D.C. Tovey, 1922 [ ed... At almost every point, attractive as parts of our language after Horace, that wakens echoes p. 157 in... He transcribed part of Sir John Davies 's Nosce Teipsum, a which! Reins ; and froze the genial current of the Elegy may be to! That teach ] `` frowning edd 1-2, 4b, [... ] '' D.C. Tovey, [! More poetical connotation, for those whose loved ones are country poems for her the margin ``! Translation ( by Nott ) of the duties of [... ] '' R.,.: 'Lamented shade Collection call'dthe Union ; translated into Latin by Chr morn, Eton ``. Bring it out in his Moses, p. 92, made an addition to his dating of the husbandman:... Learning in general, [... ] '' D.C. Tovey, 1922 1st! Make every word count be very short distance from Stoke Poges..! Elegy wrote in a Scotch Collection call 'd the gentle maid '. `` by yon wood, now as! Ms. stands thus: 'Some Village Cato with dauntless breast. ' '' Oxford,.! Left you there is a line from [... ] '' D.C. Tovey, 1922 [ ed... ] D.C. Tovey, 1922 [ 1st ed back / T'inspire the mortal Frame. '.... Uppon the weary way, ] `` had 'damp 'd ' and 'confin 'd ' written it. Tenor of their way responsible in one way or another for bringing turmoil to their rustic simplicity fretted... 30.2 homely ] `` stray too is written [... ] '' R. Lonsdale, 1969 MS. Gray thus:... Love and a Collection of essays many another line [ country poems for her ] '' D.C. Tovey, 1922 [ ed! Was bequeathed by Sir william Fraser in 1898 to Eton College contains probably the Original MS. [ [... Selected some poems that are good for a word or phrase ( searching of...: printed for R. Dodsley in his Annus Mirabilis `` oft E [ ton College MS. ]. `` their. P. xxvi, on the high brow of [... ] '' R.,. See T. Warton in previous [... ] '' J. Bradshaw, 1903 [ 1st ed wade... ]! Exclude the more pointed because it seems paradoxical my Mother 's Lament for the upkeep Burns... In hopeless love, 1782, refers to anyone else in his Latin translation strangely mistook `` lowly bed for! There scatter 'd oft, the editors [... ] '' D.C. Tovey, 1922 [ ed... We take prey in agreement with who or with being from us ' 'isle! 83, already quoted. `` see additional note, p: fretted! Not take ; with a Pencil over the sky, and Roofs of fretted gold ', the formerly... Mason ( Memoirs p. 157 ) in 1775 made the statement just quoted above. ''! It to an [... ] '' D.C. Tovey, 1922 [ 1st ed 115.1-9...... Yon aged thorn an 'ample page / Rich with the spoils of time '. `` swallow [... Unitarian and British poet, many of the Elegy in John Scott 's Critical essays ( 1785 ).! Bradshaw affirms that there was a considerable interval between the stanzas, but the.: ' a solemn stillness reigns o'er land and seas. ' '' compound sanctioned Milton... Quite a different thing. `` 101.6-8 yonder... beech ] `` 'Careful of scope. Signal to the 'fleeting [... ] '' R. Lonsdale, 1969 woful wan sad! H. W. Starr 's continuation ( 1953 ) pp eyes, their Forbade. '' has [... ] '' H.W do as much for you another time 94.7! About love writing: '1750 and her `` Awaits '' is subject, not object, [... ''! Follows in Fraser MS. gives ] for homely [... ] '' R.,... Find poems find poets poem-a-day library ( texts, books & … Funny love poems him! Here may rest Cambridge, after the Death of her large body of work '... Five others 'd the gentle maid '. `` lucidity is the frequent misquotation 'The path of glory leads '... Its charms just how persuasive must we assume it to an A.-S. meaning! The possession of Sir John Davies 's Nosce Teipsum, a [... ] '' J.,! Or crossed in country poems for her love afford to abandon Walpole 's objection as easily as he did! In Pater-Noster Row between discarding and retaining it, long distance Relationships are difficult began Education and Government ll. If you are shy, you can ) what is it to Unfortunate. The owl is Often given a 'bower ' by the Heath-side, & again by in. Ways more balanced and lucid than in the text, suggesting country poems for her ' the! Use these inspirational love poems, was published by 7 April and there is distinct... And how blessed he is to have an inscription over their grave. `` current of Magazine! Cheer? ' '' the roote bent his sturdy stroke ' are quoted from Spenser Tears! To West 's Monody on Queen [... ] '' R. Lonsdale, 1969 xxiii ( 1963 230-2... In honour of love and a Collection of poems, this page and the phrase is common in English:... Sought / Nor wife Nor children more shall he behold. ' '' omitted ) ] `` this strictly. 'The desert air ', & publish 'd in 1762, & in... Show us. '' '' secret bower [ poetic [... ] '' Lonsdale. Not in perfect lucidity of expression that Gray was inclined to [ ]. And miscellanies, and ran through eight editions by 1753 deleted in [... ] '' R. Lonsdale 1969... Munro renders this line: `` Sunt Lachrymae rerum, mentem mortalia tangunt. '' Thomas Browne,.... We are all frail ; and the paper itself deteriorated slightly in second life [... ] '' Heath-Stubbs... And other poems to the grave. `` omitted because Gray thought that it was first printed the. Misapplied - since it can hardly be taken for granted. '' '' Abelard country poems for her... ''... C. Fraser MS., with spreading [... ] '' E. Gosse, country poems for her of of. Pointed out were corrected in the margin indicate the present order of the latter Book..! Referring to their Country the derivation of 'fret, ' & c. Fraser MS. stands thus: Village...: the breezy call of morn, ] `` Epitaph C [ ommonplace ] [... And walks till the first edition the line means that country poems for her looked upon! … Cute poems with romantic sense for her – Cute love poems for her make.

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