[160], The Wichita Police Department, established in 1871, is the city's law enforcement agency. The Newman Jets are NCAA Division II teams which compete in baseball, basketball, bowling, cross country, golf, soccer, tennis, wrestling, volleyball, and cheer/dance. Wichita suffered severe floods of the Arkansas river in 1877, 1904, 1916, 1923, 1944, 1951 and 1955. [162] The Wichita Fire Department, organized in 1886, operates 22 stations throughout the city. Texas ZIP code map and Texas ZIP code list. Shawnee, Lake Quivira, Lenexa, Shawnee Mission, S... Lenexa, Shawnee, Shawnee Mission, Shawnee Msn, Overland Park, Shawnee Mission, Shawnee Msn, Stanley. [56] Part of the Midwestern United States, it is 157 mi (253 km) north of Oklahoma City, 181 mi (291 km) southwest of Kansas City, and 439 mi (707 km) east-southeast of Denver. It is one of the more historic neighborhoods, along with Delano on the west side and Midtown in the north-central city. These occasionally bring large hail as well as frequent lightning. [222] The City of Wichita's department of Public Works and Utilities manages water provision and distribution, waste water treatment, and storm water drainage. [35][37], The money generated by the oil boom enabled local entrepreneurs to invest in the nascent airplane manufacturing industry. [57], The city lies on the Arkansas River near the western edge of the Flint Hills in the Wellington-McPherson Lowlands region of the Great Plains. The Wichita-Sedgwick County Historical Museum in downtown Wichita occupies the original Wichita city hall, built in 1892. [58] The area's topography is characterized by the broad alluvial plain of the Arkansas River valley and the moderately rolling slopes that rise to the higher lands on either side. The University of Kansas School of Medicine has one of its three campuses in Wichita. One or more large Renaissance fairs occur annually, including the "RenFair" in conjunction with the "Kingdom of Calontir" of the SCA (Society for Creative Anachronism). Other old west figures lived in Wichita for a while: James Earp, Cassius M. Hollister, Bat Masterson, Ed Masterson, James Masterson. Botanica, The Wichita Gardens, also along the Arkansas River, has 24 themed gardens including the Butterfly Garden and the award-winning Sally Stone Sensory Garden. [26][27] Business opportunities attracted area hunters and traders, and a new settlement began to form. We simplify the process of finding a new apartment by offering renters the most comprehensive database including millions of detailed and accurate apartment listings across the United States. cities. [61][216] The city's flood defenses were tested in the Great Flood of 1993. Via Christi Hospital on St. Teresa is the system's fifth hospital to serve the Wichita community. Fairmount College, which eventually grew into Wichita State University, opened in 1886; Garfield University, which eventually became Friends University, opened in 1887. [166] The campus of the Robert J. Dole Department of Veterans Affairs Medical and Regional Office Center is on U.S. 54 in east Wichita. In 1944 the city flooded 3 times in 11 days. The Original Pizza Hut Museum is also located on the Wichita State University campus for pizza lovers and fans to visit. [14] By 1931, Boeing (of Seattle, Washington) had absorbed Stearman, creating "Boeing-Wichita", which would eventually grow to become Kansas' largest employer. The largest is the Little Arkansas River, which enters the city from the north and joins the Arkansas immediately west of downtown. [149] The city hosts the Air Capital Classic, a professional golf tournament of the Korn Ferry Tour first played in 1990. [250] Musician Joe Walsh, founding member of the band James Gang and later member of The Eagles, is from Wichita. [206][207][208][209][210][211] The city also hosts a PBS member station, a Univision affiliate, and several low-power stations.[212][213]. [61] BNSF's main line through the city enters from the north, passes through downtown, and exits to the southeast, paralleling highway K-15. [240] Amtrak offers bus service from downtown Wichita to its station in Newton as well as to its station in Oklahoma City, the northern terminus of the Heartland Flyer line. The city became an aircraft production hub known as "The Air Capital of the World. [19], Claimed first by France as part of Louisiana and later acquired by the United States with the Louisiana Purchase in 1803, it became part of Kansas Territory in 1854 and then the state of Kansas in 1861. Courthouse, also downtown, is one of the three courthouses of the U.S. District Court for the District of Kansas. [95] In 2016, Wesley Healthcare opened Wesley Children's Hospital, the first and only children's hospital in the Wichita area. Intrust Bank Arena, downtown, is a 15,000-seat multi-purpose arena that is home to the Wichita Thunder. In the 1920s and 1930s, businessmen and aeronautical engineers established aircraft manufacturing companies in Wichita, including Beechcraft, Cessna, and Stearman Aircraft. [118][119][120][121][122][123], The Tallgrass Film Festival has been held in downtown Wichita since 2003. Looking at a map of Texas cities, you will notice multiple large cities such as Austin, Dallas, San Antonio, Houston, Lubbock and El Paso. Since healthcare needs remain fairly consistent regardless of the economy, this field was not subject to the same pressures that affected other industries in the early 2000s. Semi-pro teams included the Kansas Cougars and Kansas Diamondbacks football teams. [156] The city manager is the city's chief executive, responsible for administering city operations and personnel, submitting the annual city budget, advising the city council, preparing the council's agenda, and oversight of non-departmental activities. Miner, Prof. Craig (Wichita State Univ. [38][39], Over the following decades, aviation and aircraft manufacturing continued to drive expansion of the city. [228] A 2005 study ranked Wichita near the bottom of the fifty largest American cities in terms of percentage of commuters using public transit. [88] Nearby Reno County is not a part of the Wichita MSA or Wichita-Winfield CSA, but, were it included, it would add an additional population of 64,511 as of 2010. [104] In the 2019 KIDS COUNT Data Book, in its annual "State Rankings on Overall Child Well-Being," Kansas was ranked No. to print your map. "Kansas: 2000 Population and Housing Unit Counts", "Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas", The Air Capital Story: Early General Aviation & Its Manufacturers, "Kansas Aviation History: The Long Story", "Early Indian Tribes, Culture Areas, and Linguistic Stocks [Map]", "Petroleum Refining: A 125 Year Kansas Legacy", "How is Wichita, Kansas the "Air Capital of the World"? [244] The nearest Amtrak station is in Newton 25 miles (40 km) north, offering service on the Southwest Chief line between Los Angeles and Chicago. The racial makeup of the city was 71.9% White, 11.5% African American, 4.8% Asian, 1.2% American Indian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 6.2% from other races, and 4.3% from two or more races. Dept. [31][32] By 1890, Wichita had become the third-largest city in the state after Kansas City and Topeka with a population of nearly 24,000. [243] In addition, two lines of the Kansas and Oklahoma Railroad enter the city, one from the northwest and the other from the southwest, both terminating at their junction in west-central Wichita. In addition, there is an Islamic school, Anoor School (PK-8), operated by the Islamic Society of Wichita. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. [127] Nearby is the 1913 Sedgwick County Memorial Hall and Soldiers and Sailors Monument. [220] All three also offer home telephone and broadband internet service. the area that you are interested in, select from the options below The city's Old Cowtown Museum maintains historical artifacts and exhibits the city's early history. [70] The average relative humidity is 80% in the morning and 49% in the evening. U.S. Route 81, a north-south route, enters Wichita from the south as Broadway, turns east as 47th Street South for approximately half a mile, and then runs concurrently north with I-135 through the rest of the city. [69] Readings as low as −17 °F (−27 °C) and as high as 111 °F (44 °C) occurred as recently as February 10, 2011 and July 29–30, 2012, respectively. It became a destination for cattle drives traveling north from Texas to Kansas railroads, earning it the nickname "Cowtown".[12][13]. We have over 74,000 city photos not found anywhere else, graphs of the latest real estate prices and sales trends, recent home sales, a home value estimator, hundreds of thousands of maps, satellite photos, demographic data (race, income, ancestries, education, employment), geographic data, state profiles, crime data, registered sex offenders, cost of … [84][85] The Wichita MSA encompasses Sedgwick, Butler, Harvey, and Sumner counties and, as of 2010, had a population of 623,061, making it the 84th largest MSA in the United States. [141] Other films wholly or partially set in the city include Good Luck, Miss Wyckoff (1979),[142] Planes, Trains and Automobiles (1987),[143] The Ice Harvest (2005),[144] and Knight and Day (2010). [159] The city manager is Robert Layton. Enclosed within east-central Wichita is Eastborough. [25][28] The Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway reached the city in 1872. [10] It is racially more similar to the rest of the United States than any other major city. [83], Wichita is the principal city of both the Wichita Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA) and the Wichita-Winfield Combined Statistical Area (CSA). [41] In 1962, Lear Jet Corporation opened with its plant adjacent to the new airport. [202] The Wichita media market also includes local newspapers in several surrounding suburban communities. Warm air masses from the Gulf of Mexico can raise midwinter temperatures into the 50s and even 60s while cold air masses from the Arctic can occasionally plunge the temperature below 0 °F. [234] Jabara Airport is a general aviation facility on the city's northeast side. It is joined along its course by several tributaries all of which flow generally south. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 15.3% of the population. Both its northern and southern termini are interchanges with I-135. [135] There are also two large outdoor shopping centers, Bradley Fair on the city's north-east side and NewMarket Square on the city's north-west side, each with over 50 stores spread out on several acres. Wyatt Earp served as a lawman in several old west frontier towns, including Wichita. [83], The cost of living in Wichita is below average; compared to a U.S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the city is 84.0. [205] All of the market's network affiliates broadcast from Wichita with the ABC, CBS, CW, FOX and NBC affiliates serving the wider market through state networks of satellite and translator stations. A second large indoor shopping mall, Towne West Square, has seen all major and many smaller tenants leave and was put into foreclosure in 2019. [83], The median age in the city was 33.9 years. The city has been a setting of various works of fiction. Official records for Wichita have been kept at various locations in and around the city from July 1888 to November 1953, and at the Mid-Continent Airport since December 1953 (currently named Wichita Dwight D. Eisenhower National Airport). [27][30][51] Intrust Bank Arena opened downtown in 2010. Wichita also has a number of parks and recreational areas such as Riverside park, College Hill park, and McAdams Park. "[14] Textron Aviation, Learjet, Airbus, and Spirit AeroSystems continue to operate design and manufacturing facilities in Wichita, and the city remains a major center of the American aircraft industry. [102] However, in its 2019 "Best Places to Live" survey, U. S. News & World Report, ranked Wichita at #79 out of 125 U.S. cities,[103] and noted that violent crime in Wichita had risen over the previous few years. 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