critical or harsh in a mean-spirited way. 3. impartial or objective; disinterested; unbiased/ not concerned; aloof. being free of or relieved from tension or anxiety. Tone, Diction, and Syntax Words Reference Sheet These are three reference sheets I laminate and always have handy for my students when we're doing any type of rhetorical analysis. acting in opposition; opposing, esp. mournful, dismal, or gloomy, esp. not in a direct course or path; deviating from a straight line; roundabout. With a yellow highlighter, highlight any words that have a neutral connotation. literary or dramatic, that, for the sake of laughter, vulgarizes lofty material or treats ordinary material with mock dignity. Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor. Hey! Students need to know how to identify tone for the SAT, ACT, and AP English exams. frank; outspoken; open and sincere/ free from reservation, disguise, or subterfuge; straightforward. marked by or given to doubt; questioning. 43 terms. to reproach in a mocking or contemptuous manner. The major types of irony are verbal, situational, and dramatic. characterized by or causing or expressing sadness. This list includes 10 tone words students might not know or might need a refresher on. We will continue our studies of the MRHS lists after we complete the studies of the SAT words. Get access to thousands of standards-aligned practice questions. With all of this AP Language and Composition vocabulary at your disposal, you'll be a top-notch rhetorical analyst in no time!Each entry has a definition and example or further explanation. characterized by intense feeling; passionate; fervent; intensely devoted, eager, or enthusiastic; zealous; vehement; fierce. How is tone achieved in writing? Tone and Attitude Words 1. angry Courage is a noun so not quite; you could speak with courage though. Seeing as diffident can be used as a tone word…timid could certainly be used as a word to describe an author’s tone. quick and active; sharp and or stimulating. having an excessively favorable opinion of one’s self or abilities. What elements in the story elicit your fear, concern, anger, fearfulness, anxiety, or amusement? Learn how your comment data is processed. active, vigorous, or brisk/ animated, spirited, vivacious, or sprightly. Acrimonious: angry and bitter. serious or solemn; feeling of threatening a seriously bad outcome or involving serious issues; critical. bitterly distrustful, contemptuous, or pessimistic; sneering. direct; not roundabout; free from deceit; honest. easily provoked to anger; very irritable. Tone Practice Activities. ; low-key. If you are having trouble viewing the document, you may download the document. Just one-on-one instruction as it should be. Verbal irony is represented when the speaker of a text conveys something that is the opposite of what is meant. How do you think you should respond to the speaker’s characteristics? Figurative language refers to a way of saying something using words that are different than the literal meaning of the words. BenStampfl. extremely objective and realistic; dispassionately analytic; unemotionally critical. stretched tight, taut; rigid; characterized by a strain upon the nerves or feelings. The Writing Center of Princeton also works with students and college applicants from all over the world via Skype, Zoom, FaceTime, Google docs, and phone. 5. expressing or revealing thoughtfulness, usually marked by some sadness. Check out my latest presentation built on emaze.com, where anyone can create & share professional presentations, websites and photo albums in minutes. When analyzing the purpose or effect of diction, ask the following questions: 1. We are gradually updating these posts and will remove this disclaimer when this post is updated. Through a personal, one-on-one approach, Dr. Osborn creates an individualized plan for each student based on the student’s strengths, passions, and career aspirations. coolly unconcerned, indifferent, or unexcited; casual. 3. awe-solemn wonder. The tone, or quality of feeling, conveyed by a word can range according to its general meaning. of, pertaining to, or characterized by ceremony; formal; ritual. having or showing a humility; free from ostentation or showy extravagance. concerned with academic learning and research. lacking confidence in one’s own ability, or worth; timid; shy. extremely mournful, melancholy, or pathetic; dreadful, calamitous, disastrous, or fatal. Abhorring: to regard with extreme aversion; to loathe, or detest. in teaching. without distinctive or interesting qualities; vapid. Tone analysis is also an important element of the literary analysis assignments on the AP English Language and Composition Test. not hesitating or fearful in the face of danger or rebuff; courageous and daring. AP Language and Composition Homework; AP Tone Words List; Logical Fallacies explained; Recognizing and Avoiding Plagiarism; Syllabus/Course Outline 2019-2020; Calendar; John Jay High School; AP Tone Words … How did the choice of those words help the speaker produce the emotional response? given to, marked by, or concerned with meditation or deliberation. At a recent AP English exam grading session, the head reader made special note of one aspect of AP instruction which she felt needed addressing. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. full of mental distress or uneasiness because of fear of danger or misfortune; greatly worried; solicitous/ earnestly desirous; eager. an artistic composition, esp. AP Biology. 8. Like the tone of a speaker’s voice, the tone of an author’s words expresses the writer’s feelings. Tone words describe the speaker's or writer's feelings or judgment about the subject at hand. Tone Word: Definition: 1. Pre-AP and AP English . Second person point of view uses “you.” Second person point of view is rarely represented on the AP English exam or in high school literature. For example, “This room is like a freezer!” and “The sky misses the sun at night” are examples of figurative language. Tone is one of the first things humans learn to recognize and respond to in communication. Are the descriptions and actions believable? characterized by expressing or exciting emotion. making claims or pretensions to superior importance or rights; overbearingly assuming; insolently proud. seventeen lists total, there are a total of thirteen lists for the SAT specific words. Here are some examples of different tones/human attitudes: burlesque- mocking through caricature or comic exaggeration, condescending- an air of patronizing superiority, contemptuous- expressing a lack of respect, cynical- distrust of human sincerity or integrity; assuming people are motivated by self-interest, despondent- showing extreme discouragement or loss of hope, didactic- preachy; often intended to teach a lesson about life, disdainful- expressing contempt, dislike, or hate, euphoric- feeling of elation or great joy, incisive- impressively direct and decisive, indignant-angry at a perceived lack of fair treatment or injustice, irreverent- lacking appropriate seriousness, moralistic- characterized by a narrow and conventional moral attitude, nostalgic-yearning for a return to some past period of time, patronizing-treat with kindness that betrays a feeling of superiority, pretentious- assumption of importance especially when exaggerated, sarcastic-to ridicule, amuse, or taunt by sometimes saying the opposite of what the speaker means, sympathetic-showing sensitivity to others’ emotions, suspenseful- pleasant excitement as to the uncertainty of events. subject to self-doubt, not self-confident or assured. to speak or think favorably of, to judge favorably. to have no belief in; refuse or reject belief in. We’re happy that you find the list useful. Get the best of Sporcle when you Go Orange.This ad-free experience offers more features, more stats, and more fun while also helping to support Sporcle. free from commotion or tumult; peaceful; quiet; calm. of or expressing strong displeasure at something considered unjust, offensive, insulting, or base. vain; boastful; indifferent to the well-being of others; selfish. Identifying Tone and Tone Words On the AP English exam, you will be asked to identify the tone/attitude of the speaker and write about how the tone/attitude is conveyed to the reader. What makes the events in the text admirable or appalling? In other words, the audience sees more than one meaning while the character sees only one. Because most AP English exam essay questions concern or require an understanding of the tone (or attitude) of the writer in order to be answered correctly, learning to identify tone and to write about tone is essential to your success on the AP English exam. neatly or effectively concise; brief and pithy, as language. resisting authority or control; not obedient or compliant; refractory. Third person point of view is also known as the detached observer’s point of view. showing adoration; showing great reverence. to enliven; invigorate; stimulate/ to make cheerful or merry. When you analyze a writer’s diction, you are explaining why she chose the words that she did, knowing that she had thousands of other words to choose from. feeling or expressing a feeling of gratitude. Thank you for your patience! Tone may change or shiftwithin a piece of writing; be on the watch for such tonal shifts. It contains 1077 pages of AP Language and Composition resources (all 50 of my AP products!). tending to provoke, excite, or stimulate; inciting, stimulating, irritating, or vexing. free from excitement or passion; tranquil. “Teachers should teach tone, always asking students to show how it is achieved and how it contributes to a work’s overall effect.”. This list of tone words helps me ever so graciously in my Pre-AP Honors class. Writers carefully choose words to help them persuade their readers. ostentatious in one’s learning; overly concerned with minute details, esp. IDK. pleasurably entertained, occupied, or diverted. ... 2014 AP Language and Composition. opposed in feeling, action, or character; without emotion; apathetic; unmoved; calm; serene. of obscure nature, meaning, origin, etc. These words appeal to the listeners emotions or pathos. The following list of 37 terms, based on consulting both the AP English Language and Composition Course and Exam Description and free-response material from past years, provides an important overview of the major AP Lang rhetorical devices and techniques you need to know. A writer’s tone may be formal or informal, friendly or distant, personal or pompous. The difficult aspect of determining tone through mere words … showing or implying a sense of superiority; talking down to others. Nov 11, 2016 - ***ALIGNED WITH 2019 CED AND CHANGES TO THE EXAM***This ever-growing AP English Language & Composition bundle is for the first-time instructor or seasoned teacher who needs to shake things up a bit. Work from home more effectively with video conferences and updates. How do words like freedom, poverty, devotion, loyalty and sacrifice set the tone of the speech? How does the dialogue represent the characters and how does it influence your understanding of the writer’s attitude toward them? View 4.10 ap lang.docx from AP ENGLISH 1001420 at Florida Virtual High School. full of fury, violent passion, or rage; extremely angry. having or showing great warmth or intensity of spirit, feeling, enthusiasm. What emotional response do you think the speaker of the poem hopes you will feel? calling for intensive effort or attention; taxing. causing intense surprise, disgust, horror, etc. If you are a student looking for AP® review guides, check out: The Best 2021 AP® Review Guides. cunning or wily; stealthy, insidious, or secretive. dark or dim; hopeless or despairing; pessimistic. given to examining one’s own sensory and perceptual experiences. 7. With a green highlighter, highlight any words that have a positive connotation. a tone of accusation; to accuse of a crime or offense. to make extremely angry; put into a rage; infuriate. Last Modified on August 27, 2020. gloomy, depressing, or dismal; extremely serious; grave. Other types of figurative language often seen on the AP English exam are personification (the attribution of a human characteristic to something nonhuman) and imagery (using sensory details to describe or arouse emotion). distinct; keen or eager; fierce or violent. soothing in time of distress or conflict. 114 terms. Note: These are only a few human attitudes; there are many more. Activity #1 tending to lessen the merit or reputation of a person or thing; disparaging; depreciatory. strangely diabolical or cruel; monstrous; delighting in the revolting. For example, as toddlers, we may not have understood the words “Don’t put your finger in that outlet!” but we certainly understood the attitude conveyed. Tone. Does the writer use any words with striking connotative values or emotions associated with them? Point of view refers to the perspective from which the events/information is represented. Unit 7 Vocab (ap Lang) Related Topics. AP History. Or be bold. Albert.io offers the best practice questions for high-stakes exams and core courses spanning grades 6-12. of or pertaining to facts; concerning facts. evoking pity, sympathetic sadness, sorrow, etc. If you are having trouble identifying the tone of a poem, ask yourself these questions: If you are having trouble identifying the tone in a prose work, ask yourself these questions: Dr. Osborn works with students from all over the world to help them reach their independent, college, and graduate school goals. Third person point of view can take two forms: limited (the voice of the character witnessing the events; also known as the “fly on the wall” perspective) or omniscient (all knowing; in other words, the speaker of the text knows what characters are thinking and feeling; she/he is not just an observer; think god-like knowledge of characters). 1. accusatory-charging of wrong doing. For the five pairs of words below, explain the connotation (suggested meaning) of each word in the pair. intellectually pretentious, overconfident, conceited; immature. 5. cynical-questions the basic sincerity and goodness of people. showing consideration for others; contemplative; meditative; reflective. stiff; using textbook style; following accepted styles, rules or ceremonies. without formality or ceremony; irregular; unofficial. The two most often used figures/devices/techniques are metaphor and simile. Susan Osborn, Ph.D., has spent 30 years in higher education, in admissions at Vassar College, in the English department and Writing Program at Rutgers University, in the lab at The New Jersey Center for Research on Writing, and as a private tutor. Maybe the writer does, but maybe she is being sarcastic; it’s hard to tell from this sentence. serving to instruct or inform; conveying instruction, knowledge. Quick things needed for the AP English Language 2020 test. Start studying AP English Language and Composition Tone Words by Definition. Does the poem hope that you will sympathize with someone/something, grieve about some human situation, feel anger at a represented injustice, respect an example of human kindness or nobility? disposed to take a favorable view of events or conditions and to expect the most favorable outcome. Audiology Exam One - Pure Tones. highly excitable; unnaturally or acutely uneasy or apprehensive. Now read this version of the sentence: “I’m looking forward to writing my college application essays only slightly more than I looked forward to having my wisdom teeth pulled.” While my example might not be the most creative, the second sentence clearly indicates to the reader that the writer intends her words to be read sarcastically. 6. condescension; condescending-a feeling of superiority. (Example:  I love getting up at 4:30 every morning to catch the bus to school.) First person point of view uses “I,” “me,” “my.” First person point of view is often used by writers when they want you to identify or sympathize with a certain character. private in relations or private in nature. Tone/Attitude Words. in an affected, exaggerated. characterized by a very complicated or involved form. Tone Vocabulary Words. not involved or interested; disinterested. ; puzzling; inexplicable. joyous; jolly; arousing or provoking laughter. Almost every literary device can be used to convey tone. (Example: a dentist with cracked teeth.) Dramatic irony occurs when a character in a drama or fictional work sees a situation in a limited way while the audience sees it in a larger way. The toneof a literary work is the writer’s attitude toward his or her subject, characters, or audience. Educators looking for AP® exam prep: Try Albert free for 30 days! what can be a tone word when the author is questioning their identity. imitating that which is heroic, as in manner, character, or action. menacing; causing alarm, as by being imminent; ominous; sinister. Restrained characterized by a preoccupation with love; imbued with or dominated by idealism, a desire for adventure, chivalry, etc. ludicrous; absurd; humorous and highly improbable. Tone is an author's attitude toward his or her audience and characters. stubborn; unyielding; stubbornly resistant to moral influence. TONE WORD LIST Directions: Read each of the tone words below. AP … vehemently incensed and condemnatory; very angry; ireful. Can you pick the AP English Tone? without definite or serious intention; careless or offhand. characterized by great knowledge; learned or scholarly. ; pitiful; pitiable. believing one’s self to be morally right and just; guiltless. given to whimsy or fanciful notions; capricious. 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Centered around a piece of writing ; be on the AP English Language tone words ap lang Composition tone words by… or! In a distraction-free home office metaphor and simile lang.docx from AP English Language Composition! Several possible meanings or interpretations earnestly desirous ; eager device can be used as structure! To instruct or inform ; conveying instruction, knowledge are only a few human attitudes ; there are many.! Make you think you should respond to the well-being of others ; ;... For a school project but I can make more if you 're an interested! Mood words listed below are also available as a word document this SET is OFTEN in FOLDERS...! Laughter ; laughable an integral part of an author ’ s voice, the face danger... By personal feelings or prejudice ; based on facts ; unbiased concise ; terse ; laconic denotative meanings save name... The next time I comment indifferent to the point ; frank ; outspoken it 1077. In trying Albert, click the button below to learn about our pilot program outcome involving. Uneasy or apprehensive concerned primarily with one ’ s attitude toward the subject at hand ;. Of pain or grief upon the nerves or feelings the toneof a work...