[4] The attitude of many of the Romantics to the everyday, social world around them was complex. The Raft of the Medusa by Jean Louis Theodore Gericault, 1818-21 : This painting is regarded as one of the greatest Romantic era paintings. [2] [20] [8] It was born from a debate between “New Light” theologians, who believed that religion should focus on an emotional experience, and “Old Light” opponents, who valued reason in their religious approach.These “Old Lights” became known first as “liberal Christians” and then as Unitarians, and were define… This connection is how history, current events and social events have impacted American Literature. In contrast to the usually very social art of the Enlightenment, Romantics were distrustful of the human world, and tended to believe a close connection with nature was mentally and morally healthy. 1765-1783: The American Revolution. The birth of humanist philosophy takes root in her writing, along with the influence of Erasmus Darwin, a philosopher and doctor of the time who was said to have successfully animated lifeless flesh. Romanticism. Learning Objectives. As a specific discipline viewed through the lens of European literature, American literature began in the early 17th century with the arrival of English-speaking Europeans in … [19] [20] [2] [18] Learn. [8] Transcendentalism has its origins in New England of the early 1800s and the birth of Unitarianism. [2] [2] [4] After this period, with Chopin and Paganini dead, Liszt retired from the concert platform at a minor German court, Wagner effectively in exile until he obtained royal patronage in Bavaria, and Berlioz still struggling with the bourgeois liberalism which all but smothered radical artistic endeavor in Europe, Romanticism in music was surely past its prime--giving way, rather, to the period of musical romantics. European and American Art in the 18th and 19th Centuries. 1832: Victorian(1832 to 1901) Victorian literature dates to the period of Queen Victoria's reign. [20] Some authors cite 16th century poet Isabella di Morra as an early precursor of Romantic literature. [2] The Romantics: were inspired by the beauty of nature emphasized emotions and the imagination over reason celebrated the individual spirit Focus One: the Transcendentalists By the mid-1800s, Americans were taking new pride in their emerging culture. These guys and gals were influenced by the Romantic movement that had developed back in Britain. [2], In northern Europe, the Early Romantic visionary optimism and belief that the world was in the process of great change and improvement had largely vanished, and some art became more conventionally political and polemical as its creators engaged polemically with the world as it was. After all, both took place around the eighteenth century. [19] -A. [2] Turner and John Constable. Match. Historical Events: Louisiana Purchase, Monroe Doctrine, McCormick invents the reaper, Morse telegraph, Daguerre takes first photographs, California gold rush, Darwin writes Origin of Species, Civil War in the United States, Germany united under Bismarck, Edison invents electric light and phonograph, Roentgen discovers the x-ray, Spanish-American war. The indispensability of the historical context for understanding the emergence and development of Romanticism strongly suggests that synthesis must take the form of a narrative, however necessarily simplified in a short article. Like many other events throughout history, these revolutions stemmed from profound ideology which strongly influenced the surrounding culture and events, continuing the reoccurring theme of the intersection of ideas with culture. In this later, second, phase, the movement was less universal in approach and concentrated more on exploring each nation’s historical and cultural inheritance and on examining the passions and struggles of exceptional individuals. Payne_Bachman. [2] [13] The name "romantic" itself comes from the term "romance" which is a prose or poetic heroic narrative originating in the medieval. [2] [4], Fingal, written in 1762, was speedily translated into many European languages, and its appreciation of natural beauty and treatment of the ancient legend has been credited more than any single work with bringing about the Romantic movement in European, and especially in German literature, through its influence on Johann Gottfried von Herder and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. These lines indicate the introspective, personal nature of the artist ) entirely,! Was devoted to combating the Romantic period were witness to a period great! 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